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Natural Vitamin E

d-alpha tocopheryl succinate

Vitamin E is the most important fat-soluble antioxidant present in human tissues. It is found in the lipid-rich areas of cells such as in cell membranes and the brain. It is at these sites where it acts to stabilise and protect against oxidative damage caused by free radicals, heavy metals, and environmental toxins. Vitamin E plays an important role in the health and integrity of the lipid-rich nerve cells. Vitamin E also supports immune function through its effects upon the thymus gland, and particularly during times of oxidative stress and chronic viral illnesses.


400-800 IU/day for general and therapeutic purposes. Much greater amounts are utilised in certain conditions. Up to 3,200 IU daily for several years has been used without toxicity problems.

Potential applications

Neurological disorders e.g. Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, tardive dyskinesia, cognitive impairment etc. diabetes, neuro-muscular degeneration, lupus, multiple sclerosis, cardiovascular disease, fibrocystic breast disease, wound healing, sun-protection, cancer, menopause.

Known contraindications

Vitamin E may potentiate the effects of anticoagulant drugs such as Coumadin and Warfarin. Although synergistic with Aspirin, vitamin E may also increase the inhibition of platelet aggregation caused by aspirin. Vitamin E has very low toxicity.


Vitamin E interacts extensively with other antioxidant nutrients, especially vitamin C and selenium. Vitamin E also improves the use of vitamin A, may assist in converting B12 to its most active form, and protects EFAs from lipid peroxidation.

Use in conjunction with

  • Vascular protection - grape seed/pycnogenol, EFAs, antioxidant complex, hawthorn berry, CoQ10, folic acid/DHA, bilberry/eyebright, ester C
  • Brain / nerve protection - grape seed/pycnogenol, EFAs, antioxidant complex, ginkgo biloba, B complex


Natural forms of vitamin E bound to krebs cycle intermediates such as acetates or succinates are more advantageous as they are more stable and highly bio-available. Look for d-alpha tocopheryl succinate as this is a natural form. The prefix dl- indlicates a synthetic vitamin E. Interestingly, aspirin and vitamin E appear to work synergistically against the risk of cardiovascular disease.


© Cheryl Thallon at Viridian

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